As we all know that the game of cricket is not that easy as we see it to be, therefore we need to understand a plethora of terms associated with it. Therefore, let us understand a few terms associated with the game:

Run:

This is the term associated with the batsman running the entire pitch, along with his co-batsman, in order to score runs. It is the basic unit of scoring in the match. A batsman can also score runs by hitting boundaries or also by the faults from the bowling side. 

Striker:

The batsman who faces the bowler in order to hit the ball is called the striker, whereas the batsman who is on the opposite end is the non-striker. 

Off-side/Leg side:

One half of the ground is known as off-side while the other side is known as leg side. If we consider the right-handed batsman, the pitch in front of him (as he is on the striker end) is called the offside while the other half is known as leg side.

Four:

If the batsman hits the ball and the ball rolls on the ground and crosses the rope boundary, a four is scored. 

Six:

If the batsman hits the ball and the ball crosses the rope without taking a single bounce, then the batsman gets a six. 

No-ball:

This is the ball which the bowler had bowled illegally, that is, his foot crossing the popping crease while he was delivering the ball or the ball is bowled directly above the waist of the batsman, without pitching on the ground.

Wide:

In this case, the ball is bowled away from the batsman and takes a movement wide of the return crease on the offside at the batting side. This can also be given if the ball bounces over the head of the batsman after pitching. 

Out:

This is the term actually referred for the batsman where he is dismissed by the bowling side either by getting stumped out, bowled out, run out, caught out, LBW and the like. 

Bowled:

In this case, the ball bowled by the bowler misses the bat of the batsman and hits the stumps behind him.

Caught:

In this case the batsman attempts to hit a four or six, but the ball lands in the hands of the fielder, without taking any bounce. 

Stumped:

In case the wicket keeper catches the ball, and the batsman is out of the crease, he can hit the stumps and declare the batsman as stumped out.

Leg Before Wicket:

This stands for Leg before Wicket. This is the case where the batsman is declared out in case the ball hits the leg of the batsman, which is in line with the stumps, such that if the leg was not there the ball would have directly hit the stumps. 

Run out:

This is the case when the batsman runs to score runs but is not able to cross the crease and before that the bowler hits the stumps. 

Spin-bowling:

In this case, the bowler runs a short distance from the stumps and then throws the ball such that he releases it with his wrists or fingers in order to get maximum revolutions for the same. The ball spins in the air after pitching. It’s two varieties are off-break and leg-break. 

Fast Bowling:

In this case, the bowlers sprint and deliver the ball at high speed to the batsman. To do so, they take long-run from the stumps. 

Extras:

These are runs given by the bowling team to the batting teams without the batting team hitting the ball. 

Innings:

This is one session of bowling and batting where one side plays its overs and gives way to the other side.

The equipment used in the game of cricket are as follows:

Bat:

This is the basic most requirement that is made of wood, with a handle on top to hold and play with. This also varies with the weight and size with the age as well as requirement of the batsman.

Ball:

Yet another basic requirement of the game, the ball is a spherical object that is made out of cork and given a leather covering. Two stitches of leather are made at the center of the ball. The color of the ball is red for test matches and white for ODI and T20 matches. 

Keeper Glove:

These are the gloves worn by the wicket keeper on both the hands, to protect the fingers from injury. Both cloth and leather are stitched together in order to stay in track with the shape of fingers and fit the palm perfectly. Its inner side of the globe has gaps for the finger along with cork tips for even more protection.

Batsman Glove:

This one is similar to that if wicket keeper but a bit smaller than the keeper’s glove. It is made in such a way so that the batsman can hold the bat firmly. The finger part of glove has extra protection with hard sponge on the outer side. 

Helmet:

This is worn by the batsman as well as the wicket keeper in order to protect their heads from injury. It is made of mix metal and hard plastic, as well as has a metallic grill in the front, for protection. 

Stumps:

These are cylindrical as well as long shaped wooden blocks with shard end like a spear. This end goes deep in the ground so that they stand erect. 

Bails:

They are the smallest equipment that are put above the stumps. It helps the umpires take easy decision whether the batsman is dismissed or not.

Keeper/Batsman Pads:

These are the equipment worn by these two people to protect the lower limbs of the batsman and wicket keeper. They are made of cloth and leather where the front portion is hard made of hard plastic or wood. The rear part is spongy in order to comfort the legs. The pads of the wicket keeper are shorter than the batsman pads.