Today, when every field and sphere is developing at a fast pace, even the sports part is in the race. One of the most popular games of the world, cricket happens to have taken over the hearts of millions of its fans and day by day, the fan following keeps on increasing.

We have had a plethora of cultures intermingling together throughout centuries, but one of the most fruitful results of this mixture was the coming together of people, competing with each other, in full sportsman spirit, and participating in the game, thereby representing their country and taking it to new heights.

Although now, several sports and their respective following, have developed, cricket still enjoys a high pedestal. On the other hand, if we look few decades back, it was the only sport that had gained popularity at a great mark. 

As well know, that there are certain rules and regulations to play any game, so is the case with cricket, non-adherence to which would lead to wrongful play of the game. The aim of the game is to score runs and take wickets of the opponent team in order to win. Therefore, let us discuss and understand a few rules of the game of cricket, which could help us make more sense of the game, next time we watch it:

Number of Players:

Cricket is played between teams of 11 players along with a ‘twelfth man’ who is included in the game if there is any player who gets injured. The twelfth man is not allowed to bat, be a captain or bowl. He can only act as a substitute for a fielder. As soon as the original player is well, he is free to return. 

Along with these players there are two umpires on the field in the game, so that the game can be played fairly. We also have a third umpire, off field who takes charge of the video decisions. When he on field umpire is not able to come to a stalled decision, the off-field umpire takes charge. 

Game Structure:

There are two innings in the test cricket as well as the T20 format. In fact, the test cricket is a longer one than others. The game starts with the toss of coin. Whoever wins the toss gets to make his choice whether he wants to bat or bowl. The aim of the batting team is to score runs and the aim of the bowling team is field and catch as well bowl as many balls as possible, in order to take wickets.

The batting is done in pairs; therefore, you only have to bowl out 10 people as one batsmen cannot score runs alone. Once, either the team has been bowled out, or the set overs are complete, the second innings begin. However, there is an exception to this form, that happens in a test cricket match of more than 5 days, wherein if the first team makes 200 runs other than the other team. This match is known as the follow-on, which usually happens due to bad weather or so.

Ways to Score Runs:

Since we have already stated that the aim of the batsman is to score more and more runs, therefore there are several ways to do this. Either the batsman can hit the ball and run the length of pitch to make one or two or three runs, or they can hit the boundaries for four and six. Along with this the are several other reasons to score runs.

A No Ball can fetch runs. It can be declared if the bowler bowls the ball from the wrong place and the ball is declared dangerous, if it rolls before reaching the batsman or bounces twice, or if the fielder is standing at the wrong position. They cannot be out on a no ball except for run him hitting a ball twice, handling the ball or obstructing the way. Next is wide ball wherein it is declared if the umpire thinks that the batsman did not have an opportunity to hit.

One more run is added to the team score in such a case. The batsman will not be out on this delivery except for a stumped out, run out, handling the ball, hitting their own wicket and obstructing the field. Next is bye, where the batsman scores runs even without hitting the ball; and leg bye, where the run are scored after ball hits the batsman but no runs can be scored if the batsman did not attempt to bat.

Ways how batsman can be out:

A batsman can be out on certain situations. The pretty obvious situation is bowled out, where the ball hits the stumps directly and the batsman is clean bold. The next event is caught out, where the batsman hits the ball for a boundary but the ball lands up in the hands of the fielder, provided the ball has not bounced even once.

The next way a batsman can be out is leg before wicket (LBW), where if a ball hits the leg of the batsman, which is just in front of the wicket, and the situation occurs wherein had the batsman’s legs not been there in front of the stumps, he might have been bowled out, in such a case the batsman is declared out.

Stumped out is the situation where while the batsman is out of his line, and the ball lands in the hands of the wicketkeeper and he immediately hits the wickets, before the batsman or his bat comes inside the line. Unlawful handling of the ball, hitting the ball twice, or obstructing the field, can all add up to declaring one out. Run out is another instance, where a batsman is not able to gauge the length of the field and one of the players from the bowling side hit the stumps.

Also, if one batsman is out, and another is not on the field within the set time, then too the batsman is declared out.